Pre-Kindergarten Skills

Approaches to Learning and Cognitive Development

  • Is inquisitive and seeks information to build understanding using the scientific method and forming hypothesis
  • Expands personal expression
  • Uses trial and error to explore, discover, and problem solve
  • Explores new settings, people, and objects without undo anxiety
  • Chooses strategies to control emotional responses
  • Uses prior relationships to expand understanding and problem solving
  • Seeks assistance for problem solving when necessary
  • Tests ideas about how things work
  • Explores materials and actions with purpose and a plan
  • Participates in and creates symbolic play and expression with detail

Physical Development

  • Coordinate whole body movements with strength, agility, and balance
  • Use fingers and hands for purposeful tasks
  • Coordinate motor activities based on sensory input
  • Sustain strength for increased periods of time
  • Participates in age-appropriate movement activities daily
  • Independent in personal hygiene skills
  • Participates in mealtime routines
  • Follows safety rules

Social/Emotional Skills

  • Seeks assistance from familiar adults
  • Engages in associative play
  • Engages in cooperative play
  • Communicates with peers
  • Modifies behavior to solicit actions and responses
  • Participates in group activities
  • Recognize and responds to others emotions
  • Uses novel language, sounds, and physical humor for social purposes
  • Adjusts to new settings and people
  • Use strategies to get needs met
  • Increasingly able to control actions, words, and responses
  • Develops a sense of competence

General Knowledge

  • Uses number words and concepts
  • Recognize some numbers, demonstrate rote counting and one-to-one correspondence
  • Uses geometric modeling and spatial reasoning
  • Sorts, classifies, and orders objects by color, shape, or size and replicate and predict patterns
  • Describes, discusses, and explains observable similarities and differences
  • Investigates unfamiliar phenomena
  • Demonstrates awareness of group membership
  • Follows simple rules and limits
  • Uses artistic expression and language to communicate emotions

Language and Literacy

  • Understands messages conveyed by artwork, writing, and other forms of expression
  • Uses communication with a purpose
  • Seeks social interactions
  • Uses descriptive vocabulary
  • Uses and answers “wh” questions
  • Has a receptive vocabulary of several hundred words
  • Uses basic conventions of grammar and syntax
  • Responds verbally and non-verbally
  • Manipulate phonemes to make new words and to rhyme
  • Identify how many syllables are in a word
  • Identify beginning sounds in words
  • Recognize letters as special symbols
  • Use books and written materials for enjoyment
  • Begin to write and draw to communicate language and messages
  • Make pictures with meaning